Japan steps in to stem yen falls
Japan intervened in the foreign exchange market on Thursday to buy yen for the first time since 1998, in an attempt to shore up the battered currency after the Bank of Japan stuck with ultra-low interest rates.
The move sent the dollar plunging over 2 per cent to around 140.3 yen, after trading more than 1 per cent higher earlier on the BOJ's decision to stick to its super-loose policy stance, bucking a global tide of monetary tightening by central banks fighting soaring inflation.
The dollar/yen later pared losses and was down about 1 per cent at 142.76 as of 1043 GMT.
"We have taken decisive action (in the exchange market)," vice finance minister for international affairs Masato Kanda told reporters, responding in the affirmative when asked if that meant intervention.
Analysts, however, doubted whether the move would halt the yen's prolonged slide for long. The currency has depreciated nearly 20 per cent this year, sinking to 24-year lows, largely as aggressive US interest rate hikes push the dollar higher.
"The market was expecting some intervention at some point, given the increasing verbal interventions we have been hearing over the past few weeks," said Stuart Cole, head macro economist at Equiti Capital in London.
"But currency interventions are rarely successful and I expect today's move will only provide a temporary reprieve (for the yen)."
Finance Minister Shunichi Suzuki declined to disclose how much authorities had spent buying yen and whether other countries had consented to the move.
Joining Suzuki at the briefing, Kanda said Japan has "good communication" with the United States, but declined to say whether Washington had consented to Tokyo's intervention.
As a protocol, currency intervention requires informal consent by Japan's G7 counterparts, notably the United States, if it were to be conducted against the dollar/yen.
Confirmation of intervention came hours after the BOJ's decision to hold rates at near zero to support the country's fragile economic recovery, a position many analysts believe to be increasingly untenable given the global shift to higher borrowing costs.
BOJ Governor Haruhiko Kuroda told reporters the central bank could hold off on hiking rates or changing its dovish policy guidance for years.
"There's absolutely no change to our stance of maintaining easy monetary policy for the time being. We won't be raising interest rates for some time," Kuroda said after the policy decision.
The BOJ's decision came after the US Federal Reserve delivered its third straight rate increase of 75 basis points on Wednesday and signalled more hefty hikes ahead, underscoring its resolve not to let up in its battle against inflation and giving a further boost to the dollar.
Japan also became a loner among major economies in keeping short-term rates in negative territory after the Swiss National Bank on Thursday raised its policy rate by 0.75 per cent point, ending years of minus rates aimed at taming the appreciation of its currency.
SNB Chairman Thomas Jordan told a briefing his bank was not taking part in any coordinated measures to support the yen.
With the BOJ having ruled out a near-term rate hike, currency intervention was the most powerful -- and last-resort -- weapon that Japan had left to arrest sharp yen falls that were pushing up import costs and threatening to hurt consumption.
"The first Japanese currency intervention in near a quarter century is a significant, but ultimately doomed step to defend the yen," said Ben Laidler, global markets strategist at Etoro in London.
"As long as the Fed stays on the hawkish, rate-raising front foot, any yen intervention is likely to only slow, not halt, the yen slide."
Yen-buying intervention has been very rare. The last time Japan intervened to support its currency was in 1998, when the Asian financial crisis triggered a yen sell-off and a rapid capital outflow from the region. Before that, Tokyo intervened to counter yen falls in 1991-1992.
Yen-buying intervention is also considered more difficult than yen-selling.
In an yen-selling intervention, Japan can keep printing yen to sell to the market. But for yen-buying intervention, Japan needs to tap its $1.33 trillion of foreign reserves which, while abundant, could quickly dwindle if huge sums are required to influence rates.